Using Social Cognitive Theory to Predict Preventive Health Screening Behaviors Among Type 2 Diabetics


  • Gabrielle Cooper
  • Manoj Sharma
  • Russell Bennett
  • Anthony R. Mawson
  • Sarah G. Buxbaum
  • Jung Hye Sung



diabetes, prevention, screening, theory, social cognitive theory


Preventive health screening behaviors are vital for preventing complications among diabetics. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which constructs of the social cognitive theory (SCT) predict preventive health care screenings in type 2 diabetics. Adults with type 2 diabetes (n=148) were recruited from medical clinics to complete a 41-item valid and reliable instrument. Data were analyzed using logistic and multiple linear regression. The constructs self-efficacy and self-control, along with the variables education and diabetes education status, accounted for 16.2% of the variance. Overall, constructs from social cognitive theory were not strong predictors in this study.

Author Biographies

Gabrielle Cooper

Gabrielle Cooper, BS, MPH, Doctoral Student, Public Health, Jackson State University

Manoj Sharma

Manoj Sharma, MBBS, MCHES, Ph.D., FAAHB, Professor, Behavioral & Environmental Health, Jackson State University

Russell Bennett

Russell Bennett, PhD, MPH, MS, RN, NEA-C, Interim Associate Dean, School of Public Health (initiative), Jackson State University

Anthony R. Mawson

Anthony R. Mawson, MA, Dr.PH, Visiting Professor, Department of Epidemiology, & Biostatistics Jackson State University

Sarah G. Buxbaum

Sarah G. Buxbaum, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Health Policy and Management, Jackson State University

Jung Hye Sung

Jung Hye Sung, Sc.D, Associate Professor, Biostatistics, Jackson State University



How to Cite

Cooper, G., Sharma, M., Bennett, R., Mawson, A., Buxbaum, S., & Sung, J. H. (2020). Using Social Cognitive Theory to Predict Preventive Health Screening Behaviors Among Type 2 Diabetics. American Journal of Health Studies, 31(2).