Factors Associated with Condom Use among Community College Students


  • Danielle Colayco
  • Sarah Baron
  • Jason C. Immekus
  • David Riess
  • Jose Caballero
  • Mataalofa Hubbard
  • Ann Hong
  • Erika McPhetridge
  • Lisa Villanueva
  • Janie Ashley




Sexual Health, Health Equity, Sexual Education, College Health


The incidence and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased over the past decade, with half of all new diagnoses occurring in young people ages 15-24 years. Despite the risk, college students report low rates of condom use during sex. This study investigated factors associated with condom use in college students with the intent to inform health education strategies. In this cross-sectional study, a 40-item survey was administered to a random sample of classes at a community college in Central California. A total of 883 students participated. A multivariate logistic regression model identified factors associated with condom use, controlling for demographics, knowledge, and perceptions about sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and condoms.Hispanic/Latino respondents had higher rates of condom use compared to non-Hispanic/Latinos, as did non-White respondents compared to White respondents, non-females, and individuals who were not in a relationship. Regression results revealed that assertive negotiation (i.e., directly requesting to use condoms) was the most significant influencer of condom use. STI knowledge was not associated with condom use, nor was perceived seriousness or susceptibility to STIs.While traditional health promotion programs focus on knowledge and access to condoms, these results suggest that additional factors influence condom use, including the ability to directly request condom use with partners. In addition to topics such as STIs, contraception, and pregnancy, comprehensive sexual health education should also include communication and negotiation strategies between partners, through a lens that includes all sexualities and gender identities.



How to Cite

Colayco, D., Baron, S., Immekus, J. C., Riess, D., Caballero, J., Hubbard, M., Hong, A., McPhetridge, E., Villanueva, L., & Ashley, J. (2023). Factors Associated with Condom Use among Community College Students. American Journal of Health Studies, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.47779/ajhs.2023.754