Parenting Behaviors Associated with Past-Year Tranquilizer Use Among a National Sample of Adolescents: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use & Health
Parenting behaviors have profound influence on typically developing adolescents’ health trajectories. Further research is warranted on the relationship between specific parenting behaviors and illicit substance use. The present study sought to examine past-year parenting behaviors and past-year tranquilizer use among a national sample of adolescents. A secondary analysis of 13,722 adolescents who participated in the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health was conducted. Weighted univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify relationships of parenting behaviors and past-year tranquilizer use. A total of 4.65% (n = 635) of adolescents reported past-year tranquilizer use. Significant predictors included age (14-15 years old OR: 1.91, p <.001; 16-years old OR: 3.39, p <.001), sex (Female, OR:1.28, p <.01), race (African-American, OR: 0.58, p <.001; Asian, OR: 0.32, p <.001), health status (Good/Fair/Poor, OR: 1.85, p <.001), not setting limits on television (OR: 1.24, p < .05), not telling your child that they are doing a good job (OR: 1.57, p <.01), and not making them do chores (OR: 1.41, p <.05). Recommendations (e.g., focus groups) for health professionals are included.
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