Roles of Physical Activity Type in Exercise Motivational Profiles and Behavioral Frequencies Among College Freshmen
Keywords:Sport participation, fitness training, aerobic exercise, self-determination theory
This study examined the relationships among gender, race/ethnicity, physical activity (PA) type, exercise motivation, and frequencies of various exercise intensities.College freshmen (N = 170; 68 male, 102 female) in the southwestern U.S. completed an online survey on exercise motivation and behavior. Chi-square tests indicated that males generally performed more fitness training and less aerobic exercise than females, whereas no differences were foundamong racial/ethnic groups. Descriptive discriminant analyses revealed that sport participation contributed to the most adaptive motivational profileand highest behavioral frequencies, suggesting that sport participation is the most effective PA type for college freshmen to maintain exercise.
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